New Epistemological Paper on Change, Discontinuity and Time Re-organization

Published in italian on “Riflessioni Sistemiche” n.6, 2012. On the question of change, discontinuity, and time reorganization from a constructivist and emergentist point of view.

Link to the whole issue:

Link to the paper:

Brief English summary:

This paper aims at dealing with the issue of change from an epistemological perspective, in which a crucial role is played by the notion of emergence. Concepts like contingency, determinism and discontinuity are interpreted as related to models of natural systems, rather than as intrinsic properties of reality. What results is a discontinuous and reticular idea of time and history, which requires a specific heuristic to be implemented.


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  • "To say that a system is complex […] is to say that we can describe the same system in a variety of distinct ways […]. Therefore a system is simple to the extent that a single description suffices to account for our interaction with the system; it is complex to the extent that it fails to be true." (Robert Rosen, 1978)
  • “Complexity is not an intrinsic property of a system nor of a system description. Rather, it arises from the number of ways in which we are able to interact with the system. Thus, complexity is a function not only of the system’s interactive capabilities, but of our own”
    (Robert Rosen, 1985)

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